It is very important to select the right journal for submission. Many novice researchers would submit their work to a totally unrelated journal and the manuscript would be rejected outright even without undergoing peer review process. In this article, we explore the factors responsible for journal selection.
1) Topic of the journal and article: The aims and scopes of the journal should match the topic of the article. For example, if you have written an article on the genetics of lung cancer, then you need to submit to a journal with similar name and scope.
2) Types of articles: There are many types of articles for submission. Please do not submit your case study to a journal that only publishes full length manuscripts. If it is a systematic review, then explore journals that only publish systematic reviews.
3) The Impact factor of the journal: Most researchers would submit their work to high-impact factor journals only after it is reviewed by pre-press service author education companies. Higher the impact factor, greater is the visibility and citation of the article.
4) The target audience of the journal: Always explore the content of the article and its target audience. A medical article is meant to be read by clinicians, so please submit it to a medical journal and not a chemistry journal. There are many interdisciplinary articles in bioinformatics, which are read by both clinicians and biomedical engineers. For example, robotic surgery is one of the most sought after topic now in bioinformatics.
5) Article length: Many journals lay restrictions on the wordcount of articles. Most journals specify that abstract length should not be more than 250 words. Moreover, most journals publish papers with a wordcount of 3000-5000 words. Always read the journal guidelines carefully under the tab of “instructions for authors.” An editor is instrumental in summarizing lengthy articles and to fit the article to wordcount specifications.
6) The type of journal: There are three types of journals for publication: SCI (Science Citation Index), Open Access (OA), and Hybrid journals. In general, most Asian researchers have to publish in peer-reviewed SCI journals of leading publishers, like Elsevier, Springer, Nature, Wiley, etc. Most European researchers prefer publishing in Open Access journals as the time for article acceptance is shorter than that of SCI journals. Today, hybrid journals combine the benefits of both SCI and OA journals and are preferred by researchers all over the world.
Based on these factors, you can make the best decision and select three closely related journals whose aims and scopes fit with the topic of your research. Good luck!